Protein Structure Prediction Center
Independent Assessors

CASP organizers are grateful to the independent assessors, who carried out the evaluation of predictions and by so doing gauged the state-of-the-art in the field.

Experiment
Comparative Modeling
Fold Recognition (Threading)
Ab initio (New Fold)
CASP1 (1994)
Michael James
University of Alberta
Shoshana Wodak
Free University of Brussels
Fred Cohen
Univ. of California, San Francisco
CASP2 (1996)
Janet Thornton
University College London
Michael Levitt
Stanford University
Arthur Lesk
University of Cambridge
CASP3 (1998)
Alwyn Jones
Uppsala University
Alexey Murzin
MRC Centre, Cambridge
Christine Orengo
University College London
CASP4 (2000)
Anna Tramontano
University of Rome
Manfred Sippl
University of Salzburg
Arthur Lesk
University of Cambridge
CASP5 (2002)
Anna Tramontano
University of Rome
Nick Grishin
University of Texas
Rob Russel
EMBL, Heidelberg
CASP6 (2004)
Alfonso Valencia
CNB, Madrid
Roland Dunbrack
Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia
BK Lee
NCI/NIH, Bethesda

Template-based modeling
High resolution modeling
Template-free modeling
CASP7 (2006)
Torsten Schwede
University of Basel
Randy Read
University of Cambridge
Neil Clarke
Genome Institute of Singapore

Template-based modeling
Refinement and physics-based modeling
Template-free modeling
Prediction of function, domains and contacts
CASP8 (2008)
Jane Richardson
Duke University, USA
Ken Dill
Univ. of California, San Francisco, USA
Joel Sussman
The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
Michael Tress
CNIO, Madrid, Spain
CASP9 (2010)
Torsten Schwede
University of Basel, Switzerland
Ken Dill
Univ. of California, San Francisco, USA
Nick Grishin
University of Texas, Dallas, USA

Template-based modeling
Refinement
Template-free modeling
Contact-assisted prediction
CASP10 (2012)
Gaetano T. Montelione
Rutgers University, USA
David T. Jones
University College London, UK
BK Lee
NCI/NIH, Bethesda, USA
BK Lee
NCI/NIH, Bethesda, USA
CASP11 (2014)
Roland Dunbrack
Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, USA
Roland Dunbrack
Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, USA
Nick Grishin
University of Texas, Dallas, USA
Nick Grishin
University of Texas, Dallas, USA

Assembly
Refinement
Template-free;
Contact-assisted
Contacts
Biological relevance
CASP12 (2016)
Guido Capitani, Aleix Lafita
Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), Villigen, Switzerland
Franceso Gervasio
University College London, UK
Matteo Dal Peraro
EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
Alexandre Bonvin
Utrecht University, Netherlands
Russ Altman (assessor and coordinator)
Stanford University, USA

According to CASP policy, assessors are not allowed to be directly involved in the organization of the experiment, nor can they take part in the experiment in the role of predictors.

Protein Structure Prediction Center
Sponsored by the US National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)
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